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Archive for July, 2016

新加坡小六会考的系统改革目的何在?


新加坡小学六年级升学会考的新系统已经公布了。普遍认为新系统将注重学习态度和适合个人发展为前提,而並非一味的追求高分数;所以家长和学生应该可以減压。但家长们还是十分担心他们的孩子是否能被分配到心目中的“优质中学“。而僧多粥少,所以总的来说,激烈的竞争还是存在的。虽然加进了一些有关学校分配的细节考量,孝试分数还是一个重要环节。如果家长们不管一切的继续追求孩子能升入优质名牌中学,这又如何減低竞争的压力呢?

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以下是从网上摘录的有关反应,

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新闻媒体摘录,

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反过来说,如果现行的小六会考系统已经造成家长学生们“一切只为了高分”和“务必勝在起跑线上”的針对性学习和发展,则会是教育的失真与失败。

现在好像是“把球给踢回给家长”了。想一想,到底是谁给谁制造小六会考压力?这正是家长们所必须深思的问题。

广义上说,实施新的小六会考系统最关键的是改变家长们的即定旧思维。一切的改变都归纳于此。话又说回来,想要改变新加坡家长们的根深蒂固之“务必求勝”(极端怕輸)心态,任何新系统恐怕也无能为力(?)。除非。。。

你懂的,即完全取消小六会考! 只採用摇珠系统决定学校分配。完全没有压力。勝负在天。”Every school is good school”. 

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Singapore’s New PSLE Scoring System: Less Stress Or About The Same?


Commentary by:  Roadside Observer 

This extracted article (partly) was posted on The Middle Ground on 18th July 2016. Read some of the key points the writer Mr.Ip mentioned as follows, then ask yourself as parents whether it is truly the outcome he tries too hard to explain? 

Whatever Mr. Ip tries to ‘conclude’ for the New PSLE Scoring System, he has missed out the following key factors that will surely influence the most probable scenarios, they are 

1. No matter how the system is changed, it will not reduce stress level for both the parents and kids. The simple main reason is that, in today’s competitive society and job market, parents would continue to emphasize on ‘winning on the starting line’ approach for their kids. Many parents knew exactly what it will mean if their kids end up in ‘so so secondary school’ after the PSLE final exam. Try to convince them about the notion of “Every school is good school”. The fact remains, the number of places in those ‘good schools’  are limited. So competition remains strong. 

2. The PSLE or the mother of all Exams for Singapore in itself has the basic function of establishing a ‘logical distribution curve’ (normally it would be a bell curve) for every cohort of students. Otherwise, there is no basis for what group of students to be admitted to what (band of) schools, though there’s a saying that ‘all schools are good schools’. This basic function is regardless of what kind of scoring system is used. However, the new system also allows additional ‘sub-criteria’ such as affiliation, application choices, ballots etc. for further moderations if there’s a tie (it is expected to be quite many such cases). To maintain any meaningful distribution curve for every cohort of PSLE students, one should bear in mind that the scoring system is NOT the only tool for the purpose! It needs to work hand in glove with the framework of examination papers setting & developmepment. Simply put, the ‘discriminating factor’ (difficulty level, ie. Differentiates the best and also higher prformence students from the large pool) for examination papers can vary from year to year and can be different on each subject as well, depends on real experiences and trends.  The whole purpose is to prevent a funny overall distribution curve to happen; example: a sudden surge of 30% attain the top AL1 grade and >40% in the AL2 grade on most subjects/papers etc… One can imaging what will happen if such kind of irregular curve happens for one of the cohorts!? 

So, there’s no such thing as the new system is more absolute and it can settle all issues. For any examination system to work for a good purpose, it cannot miss out one key element: Competitiveness. Ie. Participants have to work hard in order to excel. 

3. Therefore, regardless of what scoring system is introduced for PSLE, the stress to perform better (than most) will always be there. Unless we do away completely with the PSLE. And to convince parents to forgo any single ‘advantage’ in the system in order to reduce stress for themselves and their kids, it remains a formidable task for the govt., if not mission impossible. Knowing Singaporeans, parents may push even harder when the new scoring system commences… 

The answer to the 2021 New PSLE Scoring System: It does not necessarily solve the issues (ie. Parents’ concerns and competitive stress) once and for all but, at least it has incorporated some ‘useful’ moderations pegged with the scoring system; hopefully to make things ‘easier’ for parents and their kids. No stress? It’s not true. Less stress? Maybe for some. 

The greater meaning of this change of PSLE Scoring System is embedded in the notion of mindset change. 


从超高能客运的科研发展看创新思维 ~ 新加坡的挑战


虽然小国与大国的能量与资源无法相提并论,但在创新思维的层面上却可以得到启发。

有关新加坡的经济改革与创新的课题已经被大量的当地媒体报导。也都有发人深省的意见。

以下是网上媒体的摘录以供参考。

(1) 争取上游 upstream 的创新/科研环境。

(2) 具备创新的条件: “核心密码”

(3) 创新与经济转型所需要进行的布局。

新加坡立国50年巳经发展成为东南亚最繁荣国家和金融中心。它巳具备了先进发展社会的能量。

应此,在它的经济大转型正走向”未来经济,未来工作,未来技能,未来城市”等等的愿景时,有必要把目光(焦点与景深 depth of field)调整到位; 才能逐步的实现目标。不然,恐怕会成为雷声大。。。的后果。

现代社会的经济发展与全球化巳不可分开,而最近发生的脱欧 Brexit 更加突显出全球化所带来的社会反弹!因此经济与社会层面必须加以平衡才能稳定的前进。再加上需要科技与资本的大量投入,将构成更加复杂的改革蓝图。

总结,成功的因素在于全民的投入与国家领导能贯彻政治与民生理念,聚焦于完成大局的改革而不是分散资源在太多小目标上。而也不可忽略创新的核心价值: 先进的思维能创造大能量和更强大的概念(Powerful Concept)。旧有的SOPs 也必须改变,与时俱进。李光耀的政绩和新加坡的建国之路正是立足于具前瞻性的思维和政治上的果断性,加上行政系统的灵活性。

新加坡的前进道路上必须兼具灵活性和方向感,勇于放下巳经不合时宜的行政作法,加强对时局和环球经济的判断,集中火力去达成未来经济与末来城市的大目标。而其他的资源,未来技能,未来工作与资本等等都是为以上的两大目标效力。

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